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論文

Hydrological alteration drives chemistry of dissolved organic matter in the largest freshwater lake of China (Poyang Lake)

論文作者

Lei Xu , Qian Hu , Zetian Liu , Minfei Jian , Yansong Peng , Ruichang Shen , Wei Liao , Aiwen Zhong* 

刊物

Water Research

標識符10.1016/j.watres.2024.121154
摘要

As the largest reactive organic carbon pool, dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in various biogeochemical processes in lake ecosystems. Recently, climate change-induced extreme events (e.g., floods and droughts) have significantly modified the hydrological patterns of lakes worldwide, and regulated the quality and quantity of DOM. However, the responses of DOM chemistry to hydrological alteration in lakes remain poorly understood. Here we investigated the influences of hydrological alteration on sources, composition, and characteristics of DOM in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, using a combination of bulk chemical, optical and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) techniques. Results show various sources of DOM (autochthonous, allochthonous, and anthropogenic inputs) and significant variations in DOM chemistry across four hydrological periods (the retreating, dry, rising, and flooding periods) in Poyang Lake. During the retreating, rising, and flooding periods, DOM was characterized by higher aromaticity, humification degree, and recalcitrance, and exhibited pronounced allochthonous signatures. In contrast, DOM contained more S-containing molecules and aliphatic compounds during the dry period, displaying relatively stronger autochthonous features. Terrestrial inputs and the lignin-CHOS formation process are likely the primary underlying mechanisms shaping the differences in DOM chemistry in Poyang Lake. Our research demonstrates the significant impacts of hydrological alteration on DOM dynamics, and provides an improved understanding of DOM biogeochemical cycles and carbon cycling in large aquatic systems under global climate change.


Hydrological alteration drives chemistry of dissolved organic matter in the largest freshwater lake of China (Poyang Lake) .pdf


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